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    Holly Fern

    Cyrtomium falcatum

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    holly fern - Cyrtomium falcatum
    Cyrtomium falcatum
    Cyrtomium falcatum
    Cyrtomium falcatum
    Cyrtomium falcatum

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    Holly Fern

    Holly Fern

    Cyrtomium falcatum

    Regular price $43.95
    Regular price Sale price $43.95
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    Currently, we only deliver within California. If your order will be delivered to that state, please change your Growing Zone above or in the menu.

    Mature height
    2-3 ft.
    Mature Width
    2-3 ft.
    Sun exposure
    Shade/Partial Shade
    Growth Rate
    Grows Well in Zones
    7, 8, 9, 10, 11
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    Cyrtomium falcatum is a fascinating fern prized for its unique, coarsely divided, glossy dark green leathery foliage that resemble holly leaves but without the sharp painful spines. This popular garden fern is a great choice for indoor or outdoor cultivation.

    Holly Fern is a semi-hardy to hardy fern with deep green, leathery fronds. The holly-like leaflets (pinnae) are shiny and wavy with some serrated edges and are slightly curved towards one side, resembling a sickle blade as the species name suggests. Cyrtomium falcatum is a medium sized fern with erect rhizomes and forms an upright mound 30 inches tall by 36 inches wide; evergreen or semi-evergreen depending on garden temperatures and growing zones.

    Holly Fern’s distinctive foliage provides texture and interest in a shade garden with a tropical or woodland flair and can tolerate coastal conditions. This beautiful fern can be planted among rocks, in large groups in a border, or in containers. Holly Fern can also be grown indoors in bright, indirect light.

    Cyrtomium falcatum is a versatile and low-maintenance fern that's perfect for adding texture and interest to any shaded garden or indoor space. Its attractive glossy, leathery, holly-like foliage and adaptability make Holly Fern a popular choice among gardeners.

    Plant Care

    Cyrtomium falcatum is also known as the Japanese Holly Fern or House Holly Fern and can tolerate a range of growing conditions, including coastal regions. Holly Fern is best in fertile, evenly moist, well-drained soil in partial to full shade but can tolerate a little more sun, lower humidity, and drier soil than most ferns. Plant outdoors in a location that has filtered light, especially during the hottest part of the day. Tolerates morning sun. Temperature, light intensity, soil moisture, and humidity, all contribute to the stress or success of your fern.

    After planting your Holly Fern, water deeply and regularly for several weeks to reduce plant stress and facilitate root development. After roots have become established, reduce frequency and water as needed to maintain even soil moisture. The amount of water required is dependent on several environmental factors such as wind, temperature, soil type, and light intensity. Apply a layer of mulch to help retain soil moisture.

    Pruning is not necessary, but any dead or damaged fronds can be removed at the base to improve the plant's appearance.

    Cyrtomium falcatum is a hardy to semi-hardy fern hardy to 10°F suited for USDA growing zones 7-11. Evergreen in milder climates like zone 9 or above, but colder temperatures will induce a degree of dormancy depending on the cold nighttime temperatures. Semi-dormant Holly Ferns may still retain its foliage but will become discolored and the overall size and lushness may be reduced. When the nighttime temperatures warm up, new growth will emerge. Semi-hardy ferns are good choices for inland valleys along warmer coastal regions.

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    Q: What is a semi-hardy fern?
    A: From the Fern Grower’s Manual, Revised and Expanded Edition, by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki and Robbin C. Moran, Timber Press, 2001, Ferns are classified into four groups: hardy, semi-hardy, semi-tender, or tender. This classification refers to a range of the coolest temperatures a fern can tolerate. While many ferns can endure short periods of lower temperatures, or may fall on the border in between these categories, this classification identifies a general temperature preference for a specific fern. “A semi-hardy fern usually tolerates nighttime temperatures above 40℉ but can survive periods of freezing temperatures if short and not too severe.”

    Q: Are the brown spots on the underside of my fern leaf insect eggs?
    A: The brown spots on the underside of the fern leaf are spores which is how ferns reproduce, they are not insect eggs. Sporangia is a specialized structure that holds the spores and develops in clusters called sori which may appear as dark dots, lines, or rusty patches and arranged in symmetrical or scattered patterns, or completely cover the lower leaf surface.

    Q: What is the rusty dust on my fern leaf?
    A: Ferns reproduce by spores. Sporangia is a specialized structure that holds the spores and develops in clusters called sori which may appear as rusty patches, black dots, or lines and arranged in symmetrical or scattered patterns, or completely cover the lower leaf surface. The rusty dust on the fern leaf are spores, part of the fern’s life cycle.

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